generates a graphic in which the gij are laid out in a two-dimensional grid.

Details and Options

  • If the gij are graphics with ImageSize->Automatic, GraphicsGrid will if possible resize them to make them fit into the grid as well as possible, while preserving their individual aspect ratios.
  • The output from GraphicsGrid can interactively be resized, or edited as a graphic.
  • The listi in GraphicsGrid[{list1,list2,}] do not all need to be the same length; there will be empty space in the grid at the ends of shorter rows.
  • You can specify that an element e should span multiple positions in a grid using, for example, GraphicsGrid[{{e,SpanFromLeft,SpanFromLeft},}].
  • The following specify that a particular position should be spanned:
  • SpanFromLeftspan from left
    SpanFromAbovespan from above
    SpanFromBothspan from both left and above
  • A particular element can span both multiple rows and multiple columns by having a rectangular section of the array with the form {{e,SpanFromLeft,SpanFromLeft,}, {SpanFromAbove,SpanFromBoth,SpanFromBoth,},}.
  • The following options can be given:
  • Alignment{Center,Center}horizontal and vertical alignment of elements
    AspectRatio Automaticratio of height to width for the whole grid
    Background Nonewhat background colors to use
    BaselinePosition Automaticwhat to align with the surrounding text baseline
    BaseStyle{}base style specifications for the grid
    DividersNonewhere to draw divider lines in the grid
    Frame Nonewhere to draw frames in the grid
    FrameStyle Automaticstyles to use for frames
    ImageSize Automaticoverall size of the whole graphics grid
    ItemAspectRatioAutomaticratio of height to width for each item
    SpacingsScaled[0.1]horizontal and vertical spacings
  • With AspectRatio->Automatic, the aspect ratio of the whole graphics grid will be chosen so as to best fit the individual objects in the grid.
  • Settings for the options Alignment, Background, and Frame can be given as follows to apply separately to different items:
  • specapply spec to all items
    {specx}apply specx at successive horizontal positions
    {specx,specy}apply speck at successive horizontal and vertical positions
    {spec_(x),spec_(y),rules}also allow explicit rules for individual elements
  • The speck can have the following forms:
  • {s1,s2,,sn}use s_(1) through s_(n), then use defaults
    {{c}}use c in all cases
    {{c1,c2}}alternate between c_(1) and c_(2)
    {{c1,c2,}}cycle through all ci
    {s,{c}}use s, then repeatedly use c
    {s1,{c},sn}use s_(1), then repeatedly use c, but use s_(n) at the end
    {s1,s2,,{c1,c2,},sm,,sn}use the first sequence of s_i at the beginning, then cyclically use the ci, then use the last sequence of s_i at the end
    {s1,s2,,{},sm,,sn}use the first sequence of s_i at the beginning and the last sequence at the end
    {i1->v1,i2->v2,}specify what to use at positions ik
    {spec,rules}use rules to override specifications in spec
  • With settings of the form {s_(1),s_(2),...,{...},s_(m),...,s_(n)}, if there are more s_i specified than items across the grid, s_i from the beginning are used for the first items, and ones from the end are used for the last items.
  • Settings such as Alignment, Background, and Frame can effectively be specified for individual items in the grid using Item.
  • GraphicsGrid will not change the size of graphics or other objects that have explicit ImageSize settings, unless the GraphicsGrid itself is resized or given an overall ImageSize setting.
  • Common settings for Frame include:
  • Noneno frame
    Trueframe around the whole grid
    Allframe around every item in the grid
    {All,False}put a frame at every horizontal position (column lines)
    {False,All}put a frame at every vertical position (row lines)
  • Settings for Dividers and Spacings can have the following forms:
  • specapply spec to all gaps between items
    {specx,specy}apply speci to successive horizontal and vertical gaps
  • The speci can have the same forms as for Alignment, Background, and other item-oriented options.
  • For a grid with items in a particular direction, Dividers and Spacings can specify settings for the gaps between elements, starting before the first element and ending after the last element.
  • The following settings can be used for BaselinePosition:
  • Axisaxis of the middle row in the grid (default)
    Baselinebaseline of the middle row in the grid
    Bottombottom of the whole grid
    Centerhalfway from top to bottom
    Toptop of the whole grid
    {{i,j},pos}position pos in element
  • The settings for BaseStyle are appended to the default style typically given by the "GraphicsGrid" style in the current stylesheet.


open allclose all

Basic Examples  (2)

Display elements in a graphics grid:

Put a frame around every element:

Scope  (17)

Frames and Grid Lines  (5)

Put a frame around the whole grid:

Put a frame around every element:

Draw all the frames in red:

Put a frame around the first row and column:

Draw different frames with different styles:

Put dividers at all horizontal positions:

Put dividers at all vertical positions:

Put dividers at the third horizontal and second vertical positions:

Spanning Elements  (3)

Make element 4 span the column to its right:

Make it span two columns:

Make element 2 span the row below it:

Make it span two rows:

Span throughout a 2×2 block:

Alignment  (1)

Align contents to the left:

Align contents to the right:

Styling  (5)

Draw the grid with a pink background:

A pink background for the column at the first horizontal position:

Alternating pink and yellow at successive vertical positions:

Alternating pink and yellow at successive horizontal positions:

Embed styling options with a particular grid item:

Spacing  (1)

Set the spacing between items:

Set the horizontal and vertical spacings separately:

Irregular Shapes  (1)

The overall aspect ratio is automatically adjusted for irregular shapes:

Nested Grids  (1)

Grids can be nested:

Options  (17)

AspectRatio  (2)

If possible GraphicsGrid will choose an aspect ratio suitable to its elements:

When no reasonable choice can be made, a default aspect ratio of 1 is used:

Setting the aspect ratio of each item explicitly:

Background  (7)

Draw the grid with a pink background:

Pink and red backgrounds for the first and second horizontal positions:

An equivalent syntax:

Pink and red backgrounds for the first and second vertical positions:

Alternating pink and red backgrounds:

Alternating backgrounds with yellow superimposed in the first and last positions:

Blending of colors:

Set the background for specific items:

Set the background for a subregion of the grid:

BaselinePosition  (1)

Align the center of the grid with the baseline of surrounding text:

Align the bottom of the grid with the baseline:

Frame  (3)

Frame the entire grid:

Frame all elements in the grid:

Frame specific elements:

Frame a region:

FrameStyle  (3)

FrameStyle supports a variety of graphics directives:

FrameStyle is applied to all sources of grid lines, including Dividers and Item:

Directives given with FrameStyle are combined with those specified elsewhere:

ImageSize  (1)

By default, GraphicsGrid will display graphics at their specified sizes:

Giving an ImageSize setting to the GraphicsGrid will scale the graphics appropriately:

Applications  (2)

Make a picture of the first 64 elementary cellular automata:

Show a collection of discrete mappings:

Possible Issues  (1)

To span across both rows and columns requires appropriate use of SpanFromBoth:

Wolfram Research (2007), GraphicsGrid, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Research (2007), GraphicsGrid, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Language. 2007. "GraphicsGrid." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research.


Wolfram Language. (2007). GraphicsGrid. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from


@misc{reference.wolfram_2024_graphicsgrid, author="Wolfram Research", title="{GraphicsGrid}", year="2007", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 19-July-2024 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2024_graphicsgrid, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={GraphicsGrid}, year={2007}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 19-July-2024 ]}